Ozaami-gizhiijiwanini omiskwiim (Ojibwe

Osaam iishpiseni omiskwiim (Oji-Cree)

Ishpakêpaniniw oko (Cree)


High blood pressure.

Gaawiin aapiji ziizibaakwad odayaa-siin omiskwiiming gaa-ziizibaakwa-dwaapined (Ojibwe)

Kaa-shookaawaahpinech osaam ehtapasisenich oshookaaman (Oji-Cree)

Nôhtêpaniw shôkaniw omihkohk kâ-shôkâwâspinêt (Cree)


Low blood glucose level. In diabetes, it’s any fasting blood glucose level under 4 mmol/L.

Ziizibaakwadwaapine-mashkiki (Ojibwe)

Shookaawaahpinwimashkiki (Oji-Cree)

Shôkâwâspinêwi-natohkonon (Cree)


A hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas in response to increased levels of glucose in the blood

Insulin Resistance Syndrome

A cluster of risk factors that represent a major cause of heart disease, including blood pressure of at least 130/80; fasting blood glucose values of at least 6.1 mmol/L; triglyceride levels of at least 1.7 mmol/L; high density lipoprotein levels of less than 1.3 mmol/L for women and less than 1.0 mmol/L for men; and a waist measurement of 35 inches or more for women and 40 inches or more for men.


A sharp object used to pierce the skin. With diabetes, a lancet is used to pierce the skin for blood glucose monitoring.

Naanisiseni omiskwiim ozaam e-bejijiwag (Ojibwe)

Tapasiseni omisko (Oji-Cree)

Nâshîpaniniw omihko (Cree)

Low blood pressure (English)

Blood pressure persistently at or lower than 90/60 mm Hg in adults.

Gibiskwad(an) (Ojibwe)

Nipiskwat(an) (Oji-Cree)

Ki-wîs(a) (Cree)


A long, irregularly shaped gland in vertebrate animals that is located behind the stomach and is part of the digestive system. It secretes hormones (insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin) into the bloodstream and digestive enzymes into the small intestine or gut.


A term used to describe impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Individuals with either of these conditions are at risk for developing diabetes and its complications.

Type 1 diabetes

The pancreas produces little or no insulin.

Type 2 diabetes

The pancreas does not produce enough insulin to meet the body’s needs or the insulin that is produced is not properly used by the body.